How Bike Gear Works – Know What Happens When You Pedal Your Bike


how bike gear works

Do you know what really happens when you turn your bike pedals? A bicycle or even your own feet cannot help you climb hills with less energy. However, when your bike has multiple gears, cycling on the flat grounds and hilly areas becomes a cakewalk.

We all focus on buying sophisticated bikes and need the latest features. But, all the features only work when your pedals are keeping you excited above the wheels. So, today we are discussing how your pedals work and make your ride super easier.

If you are a beginner and planning to buy a bicycle, you should know the whole working process of your bicycle. So, let’s get started.

How To Identify The Number Of Gears?

A person riding a bicycle with graffiti on the side of a building

If your bike features three-speed levels, then you’ll see only one shifter labeled as 1-2-3. However, if you have a top-notch feature-rich bicycle, then the gearing system is quite tricky. If you have an 18-speed level bike, the left shifter will be labeled 1-2-3 and the right shifter as 1-2-3-4-5-6. The smallest ring in every bike is 1, the middle one is 2, and the biggest one is 3.

The right shifter will change the ring on the front wheel. However, on the rear wheel, the smallest ring is 6, and the biggest one is 1. You shouldn’t go in deep because the rings and shifters are almost the same on every bike. Whenever you increase your speed, you are downshifting your bike from a higher number to a smaller number.

What Happens When You Shift The Gears?

A person holding a bicycle

Let’s consider you have a three-speed bike, and you are cruising at second speed. As you are climbing the hill and you can’t pedal suddenly. You are feeling challenging to pedal your bike smoothly. You are going slowly, and you can’t bear up with it. Now, it’s time to downshift to your first gear.

When you shift to the first gear, you will cover a small distance with every spin, and now you can pedal your bike easily. Now, you have reached the mountain top, and you are trying to downhill slowly. Now, while you are on first gear, you’ll feel your bike is not having resistance.

Now, upshift your bike to second gear, and if you want to downhill more easily, shift to third gear. Now, your bike will gain resistance, and soon you’ll find that you can bike faster.

Does Having More Gears In Your Bike Is Better?

Having more gears is merely useless. In the early days, older bikes had 10 gears, then 15, and now 27. You don’t need so many gears even for racing in the tournaments.

You only need both high and low gears for cruising in the hilly area. But, you should give more preference to gear range instead of gear numbers. Imagine you have a sports car having eight-gear transmission and you are using it for daily commuting. Similarly, having more gears is not needed in your bike; look for features.

Final Wrap-Up

We hope that you have understood the whole gearing system of your bike. Now, you don’t need to think about how bike gears work because this article has answered all the questions.

Happy Cycling!

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